Between April 11th and December 15th, 1961, the trial of Adolf Eichmann, who was held responsible for his role in the murder of millions of European Jews, took place in Jerusalem. Eichmann had previously been captured by the Mossad in Argentina, where he had fled and gone into hiding in 1950, on the basis of information provided by Fritz Bauer, the Attorney General of Hesse. 

The trial received international media attention and was prominently observed and commented on by Hannah Arendt, among others, who coined the formula of the “banality of evil” with regard to Eichmann’s behavior before the court. The Eichmann case triggered numerous debates that have exerted a lasting influence on the legal reappraisal of crimes against humanity as well as the memory of the Shoah. 

On the one hand, global concepts and figures of memories of the Shoah emerged in the discussion of the trial; on the other hand, its impact depended on different conditions in the respective public spheres. This is why different dynamics and forms of memory and culture can be observed in  Israel, Germany, and South America. 

Our project attempts to initiate a transnational and transmedial discussion of the reception of the trial exploring how political-historical, legal-normative, philosophical-anthropological, and cultural-aesthetic discourses intertwine. The project consists of a digital event series on the international reception of the trial and a workshop in March 2022 on cinematic, media, and literary representations. The results are to be published in an anthology in 2023. 

Programa:

Today, October 18th, 2021, 3pm (São Paulo, Buenos Aires), 8pm CET. (in German language with simultaneous translation to Spanish)

Ulrich Winter (Universidade Philipps Marburg; Alemanha): How the Eichmann Case changed our B

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Monday, October 25th, 2021, 3pm (São Paulo, Buenos Aires), 8pm CET. (in German language with simultaneous translation to Spanish)

Peter Krause (University of Konstanz): The reception of the Eichmann trial in the German press

Luis S. Krausz (Universidade de São Paulo; Brazil): The Reception of the Eichmann Trial in Israeli Culture

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Tuesday, November 2nd, 2021, 3pm (São Paulo, Buenos Aires), 7pm CET (in Portuguese language)

Maria Luiza Tucci Carneiro (Universidade de São Paulo; Brazil): Reception and Memory of the Eichmann Trial in Brazil and South America

Monica Grin (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro): Comment on Research Projects and Perspectives

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Tuesday, November 9th, 2021, 3pm (São Paulo, Buenos Aires), 7pm CET (in English language with simultaneous translation to Spanish)

Hanna Yablonka (Ben Gurion University Negev, Israel): The Eichmann Trial and its Influence on the Memory of the Shoah 

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Tuesday, November 16th, 2021, 3pm (São Paulo, Buenos Aires), 7pm CET (in German language with simultaneous translation to Spanish)

Axel Fischer (Memorium Nuremberg Trials): Eichmann and Other War Criminals on Trial: Aspects of a Media and Legal History

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Monday, November 22nd, 2021, 3pm (São Paulo, Buenos Aires), 7pm CET (in German language)

Josef Mengele’s attempts of self-justification in his posthumous writings

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Moday, November 29th, 2021, 3pm (São Paulo, Buenos Aires), 7pm CET (in Spanish language)

Leonardo Senkman (Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel): Fictional representations of Eichmann and Mengele in Argentina

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Saturday, December 4th, 2021, 3pm (São Paulo, Buenos Aires), 7pm CET (in Spanish language with simultaneous translation to German)

Perpetrators in Fiction: “The Second Life of Adolf Eichmann”. Reading and author talk with Ariel Magnus

In cooperation with the Goethe Institute Buenos Aires

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Monday, December 6th, 2021, 3pm (São Paulo, Buenos Aires), 7pm CET (in Spanish language)

Claudia Hilb (Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina): On “some long forgotten theses”. Reflections on the Epilogue of Hannah Arendt’s Eichmann in Jerusalem

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